Justice Scalia, Set a Good Example and Do Your Homework

April 9, 2012 — 8 Comments

Deputy Solicitor General Edwin Kneedler was before the Supreme Court arguing on behalf of the Health Care Bill when he stated that the  Supreme Court Justices would need to look at “the structure and the text” of the 2,700-page law. Justice Antonin Scalia cut into his argument asking, “Mr. Kneedler, what happened to the Eighth Amendment?” Scalia asked. “You really want us to go through these 2,700 pages?” (audio-video link).

Artist rendering of Supreme Court listening to arguments about the Health Care Bill- from the Politico Website

Well, yes. Speaking as a citizen of the United States of America, yes, I do. Speaking as a high school English teacher, I want you, Justice Antonin Scalia, to do your homework. I expect no less from my 17-19 year old students enrolled in my Advanced Placement English Literature class. I want them to read at least 2,700 pages of the world’s great literature because I am trying to prepare them for the rigors of college. I know that reading  great literature is also critical to help prepare my student’s brains for real-life social interaction. Similarly, I want you, Justice Scalia, to read 2,700 pages to make a determination about the real-life Health Care Bill that will effect every citizen.

As I listened to the radio broadcast report of the court session, it was the number of pages, 2,700, that caught my attention.  2,700 pages sounded intimidating at first, but I began to mentally check off the number of books I require my Advanced Placement English Literature high school students to read. I decided to check, and determined that this school year, my students have read:

Hamlet, King Lear, Othello (roughly 80 pages each)=320 pages; The Handmaid’s Tale-312 pages; Beloved-275 pages; Paradise Lost (roughly) 200 pages; The Story of Edgar Sawtell-576 pages; The Grapes of Wrath-464 pages; Frankenstein-256 pages; Medea-50 pages; Antigone-46 pages; A Thousand Acres-384. Total? 2803 pages. A full 103 more pages than the legislation for the Health Care Act! My students will have read more pages than the bill that Justice Scalia or the other Supreme Court Justices would have to read, and that does not count the numerous poems, essays, and short stories they have also read in class. They have read more than 2803 pages for only one of their high school classes.

According to the transcripts, Scalia’s interrogation of Kneedler was interrupted several times by laughter from the gallery. “You really want us to go through these 2,700 pages?” Scalia interjected, “And do you really expect the court to do that? (*laughter*)  Or do you expect us to — to give this function to our law clerks? (*laughter*) Is this not totally unrealistic? That we are going to go through this enormous bill item by item and decide each one?”(*laughter*)

His rhetorical questions were met by comments by Supreme Court Jutice Elana Kagan, who chimed in, “For some people, we look only at the text,” she said. “It should be easy for Justice Scalia’s clerks.”

“I don’t care whether it’s easy for my clerks,” Scalia retorted,  channeling the spirit of the demanding Justice William O. Douglas, “I care whether it’s easy for me.”

The use of the law clerks-the youngest, best and the brightest lawyers-to do the bulk of the reading and preparation for each case is widely understood. In many ways, law clerks are to the Supreme Court Justices what Sparknotes are to students.

Sparknotes are written by top students or recent graduates who specialize in the subjects they cover. According to the SparkNotes website, their “writers approach literature with a passion and an enthusiasm that inspires students and has won over parents and teachers worldwide”,  which means they read the novels, poems, and plays they analyze- every single word. What is interesting about the Scalia-Keegan exchange is that many of the writers for Sparknotes have graduated from Harvard, as has Justice Scalia who received his LL.B. from Harvard Law School where he was a Sheldon Fellow of Harvard University from 1960–1961. Justice Elena Kagan is also a Harvard graduate; she earned  a J.D. from Harvard Law School in 1986, and was appointed the 11th dean of Harvard Law School in 2003.

How proud Harvard University must be to have six out of the nine current Justices as graduates. What must Harvard University think, however, when a graduate complains that he does not want to read the very legislation that he will rule on because it is too long.  To heap humiliation onto the the graduates of this prestigious university, Chief Justice Roberts, who also received his A.B. from Harvard College in 1976 and a J.D. from Harvard Law School in 1979,  acknowledged during the proceedings that he had not read the legislation either, “Where is this line?” he asked Kneedler, “I looked through the whole Act, I didn’t read …”Perhaps the graduates of Harvard who have successfully written for Sparknotes, and helped thousands of high school students in their hours of need,  could be called on to help these jurists in their hour of need.

Frankly, the idea that members of the Supreme Court have come to decide the fate of the Health Care bill  without doing the reading is as frustrating to me as when students arrive unprepared for a reading comprehension quiz. School is their job, their grades are how they are paid, so  students are paid for their lack of preparation with a bad grade. What will be the result of Justice Scalia and Justice Roberts’s lack of preparation, and moreover, what examples are they setting?

Students often complain about the reading they have been assigned. Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein is “hard to read”; John Milton’s Paradise Lost  has “too many footnotes in the poem”; Toni Morrison’s Beloved  is “confusing”. I push on despite the numerous complaints I hear everytime I bring out a text  forcing students to engage in difficult texts because I know each text will eventually hook the reader-Shakespeare has 400 plus years of success for a reason.  Unfortunately, this is the age of education where a literary work is too often judged by a student by its length, not by its content. How sad to have that thinking reinforced by some of the top minds in our judiciary.

The Health Care Act is certainly drier than Steinbeck’s Grapes of Wrath, but there will be sections that require an expert eye in order to make a fair judicial ruling. The Health Care Act will probably drive a reader into King Lear’s madness, but the fact that the document is too long should not be used as an excuse for completing the assignment.

So, Justice Scalia, and all other justices of the Supreme Court, show students everywhere that doing the assigned work is important before you write the paper. Do not whine or make jokes in public about the length of the assignment in the hopes of gaining sympathy. My students have already read 103 more pages than the 2,700 pages of the Health Care Bill for only one of their classes. Show them that you can read all 2,700 pages because that is your job.

8 responses to Justice Scalia, Set a Good Example and Do Your Homework


    Gee, if only ANY of the Democrats, including then-speaker Pelosi (who said we had to pass the legislation to find out what’s in it) had done THEIR homework, or had ANY idea what they were doing before acting like good little lock-stepped lemmings.


      My goal was to write a non-political position on a Supreme Court Justice statement. I believe I was clear in connecting this statement to completing homework without mentioning politics. ’nuff said.


    For too many Americans the health care bill is a liferaft in a roiling sea. It behooves justice Scalia to not only take the time to read all 2700 pages of the document but to read it concientiously becauae of the gavity of its consequences. As a supreme court justice he is in a position to set a great example to all scholars from first grade to university. This would go a long way to change the way hard work is viewed by students.


    I propose that not ONE the legislators who voted for this bill has read more than a small percentage of it. It was written by committee members and their staff in a piecemeal fashion; I feel safe in saying there isn’t a person on this planet who has read the entire thing. And you gett all huffy puffy because Justice Scalia has a problem with being handed this mess? I sorely wish you were kidding, but unfortunately I know you’re not.


      Perhaps I am a little over sensitive, or “huffy-puffy” as you suggest. My reason for writing was to address a prominent member of government who was unwilling to read an assignment-an everyday experience for me in a high school. There may have been legislators who, like many of my students, failed to do the assigned reading, but I have no record of them proclaiming their unwillingness to read from such a prestigious platform. I think he missed a great opportunity to say he WOULD read every word-what a great example he could have been. Thank you for your thoughts.


    First of all it is not 2700 pages of highschool lit. That can easily be done in a weekend. This nonsense bill is 2700 pages of text that is intentionally designed to stump the reader and hide the true meaning. There are constant citations and references to other bills and to previous sections of the bill. You purposely distort the context of scalias message. Scalia wasn’t saying he was too lazy to read the bill. The point he was trying to make is that its absurd that the bill needs to be 2700 pages long and include all of the things that have nothing to do with healthcare at all. If you want to tie this to homework then why not write a piece about ginsburg telling the egyptians not to model their constitution off of ours. Her “homework” is to learn and defend the constitution as a supreme court justice. In fact if it were up to the same morons that came up with the healthcare bill, your students grades wouldnt even matter because the left attempts to squash any attempt to be successful, and independent from government tyrnny.


      My, what a fast reader you are to be able to read 2,700 pages in 48 hours (one weekend)….that’s 2880 minutes or roughly one page a minute leaving you three hours for sleeping and eating! I do believe that I should clarify the texts mentioned are not “high school” texts- my students are taking Advanced Placement is a college level course. Each of these works also have citations -or allusions- to other texts as well, so there is some comparison to difficult reading. However, none of the texts my students read are as dry as this Health Care Bill, and I did mention that. I also do understand that there are MANY MORE pages included with this court case (pleadings, arguments), however, reading all materials relevant to a case is a Supreme Court Justice’s job. Additionally, I did not call Scalia “lazy”; I did say he should not publicly complain about his work.
      I intentionally kept my remarks non-political, however, you cloud the argument with an example that is not relevant to this particular case.
      I do thank you for taking the time to comment.

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